General Study Syllabys for Chemistry with Specialisation in Molecular Biomimetics
Chemistry with Specialisation in Molecular Biomimetics
Swedish title: Kemi med inriktning mot molekylär biomimetik
Responsible department: Department of Chemistry - Ångström Laboratory
Subject-specific parts (*) in Swedish adopted by the Faculty Board (the Doctoral Education Board) on 2018-07-02. Revision on 2019-06-11. Translation approved 2019-06-11.
Faculty-common parts approved by the Faculty Board of Science and Technology on 2022-04-26. Revision on 2023-02-07.
The faculty-common parts go into force on 1 July 2022. The Faculty-common parts also apply to those who started their doctoral education prior to 1 July 2022, except if this would have a negative impact on the conditions for doctoral students.
Subject description *
Research in Molecular Biomimetics is interdisciplinary and lies at the interface between biology, physics and chemistry. Our strategy is to connect fundamental studies with application-oriented research to facilitate innovations that promote the transition to a sustainable society.
The focus of Molecular Biomimetics lies in understanding and adapting/mimicking biological reactions that convert solar energy into fuels or high-value products. Specific examples of our research topics include:
- Electron and proton transfer in biological systems.
- Energy conversion in natural photosynthesis.
- Mechanistic studies of hydrogenases and nitrogenases.
- Enzyme design and production of artificial enzymes in vitro and in vivo.
- Synthesis and characterization of molecular and material-based catalysts for CO2 and N2 reduction, H2-formation/oxidation, and water oxidation.
- Assembly and testing of devices for solar or electrical energy storage in fuels.
We employ and develop a number of techniques, for example within the areas of structural analysis, spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and electrochemistry.
Aim and objectives of the education
Overall aim and objectives of the education
Doctoral education shall develop the knowledge and skills needed to be able to conduct research independently (Higher Education Act, 1992:1434). The Higher Education Ordinance’s System of Qualifications (Appendix 2, 1993:100) sets out the requirements to be met for a doctoral and licentiate degree, respectively (see individual study plan template).
Subject-specific objectives *
Based on the general training within the scientific discipline, the education at the doctoral level shall provide additional competences within Chemistry and result in deep knowledge within Molecular Biomimetics.
Through training at the doctoral level shall the doctoral student, via participation in advanced courses and by performing his/her own research under supervision, obtain deep theoretical and practical competence in methods relevant for Chemistry and Molecular Biomimetics.
Those that have obtained a degree in Chemistry with specialisation in Molecular Biomimetics shall be well prepared for performing research in a critical and independent manner. In addition to the academic environment, they are expected to be able to perform research and development projects in, for example, industry, management and companies. Furthermore, the education shall enable the doctoral student to actively participate in scientific discussions.
The doctoral student must be able to present her/his goals and results in oral and written form for different audiences in English, and in case of Swedish-speaking doctoral students, also in Swedish. Through active participation in group meetings, seminars and conferences, the doctoral student must also be able to acquire and critically discuss new research topics.
Those obtaining a licenciate degree in Chemistry with specialisation in Molecular Biomimetics must have experience in independent research work and must have reached the subject specific and methodological competence in the selected specialisation that allows them to critically evaluate the scientific development in this research field.
General entry requirements
General entry requirements for doctoral education are regulated in the Higher Education Ordinance as follows:
An applicant shall be considered as meeting the general entry requirements if they have
- completed a degree at the advanced level (Master’s level), or
- completed course requirements of at least 240 credits, of which at least 60 credits are at the advanced level (Master’s level), or
- acquired substantially equivalent knowledge in some other way in Sweden or abroad.
The University may permit an exemption from the general entry requirements for an individual applicant, if there are special grounds (Chapter 7, § 39 of the Higher Education Ordinance).
In order for a person who has completed course requirements of at least 240 credits (under the second item above) to be considered eligible at Uppsala University, the 60 credits at advanced level must include a degree project of at least 15 credits (AFUU § 2, UFV 2022/729).
Special entry requirements *
A person has special eligibility for a third level program in Chemistry with specialisation in Molecular Biomimetics if she/he has passed examinations in courses in chemistry, biology or physics, or in courses of other areas of relevance for the discipline, totalling a minimum of 60 higher education credits at the advanced level. The candidate must have acquired through such courses significant knowledge in the theories relevant for the research area. A Master thesis in a relevant specialisation must also have been completed. Comparable knowledge may have also been obtained in a different way, inside or outside of Sweden.
Since the research in Molecular Biomimetics is performed within an international environment, a very good command of English, both written and spoken, is a requirement for this education.
For specific research projects addtional competences and courses may be required.
Advertisement, selection and admission
Information and advertisement
Admission shall be made on a competitive basis following open advertisement of a doctoral place, with the exception of that which is specified in Chapter 7, § 37 of the Higher Education Ordinance. The advertisement shall be made available locally and on the University’s website (www.uu.se) at least three weeks before the application deadline and should be given appropriate national and international dissemination.
Selection among the applicants shall be carried out with consideration given to their ability to successfully conduct their studies. The assessment criteria for selection are:
- knowledge and skills relevant to the thesis work and the subject/specialisation
- assessed ability to work independently, for example
- ability to formulate and address scientific problems
- written and oral communication skills
- ability to carry out independent critical analysis
- other experience relevant to doctoral studies, e.g. professional experience.
The assessment criteria may be demonstrated, for example, by supporting documents, an interview or a skills test.
In addition, an assessment is made of the applicant’s general competence and personal qualities, as well as their ability to collaborate. If a number of applicants are judged as being equal, preference shall be given to applicants from the underrepresented legal gender among the doctoral students in the subject/specialisation.
The mere fact that an applicant is deemed to be able to be awarded credits for prior studies or professional experience for the purpose of doctoral studies shall not give an applicant preference over other applicants during selection (Chapter 7, § 41 of the Higher Education Ordinance).
A doctoral student is admitted to a doctoral programme in a doctoral subject/specialisation. Admission of a doctoral student with full-time employment in their doctoral studentship at Uppsala University is decided by the head of the relevant department, except in cases specified in the Faculty’s guidelines for doctoral education (TEKNAT 2021/301). Admissions with other forms of funding are decided by the Faculty Board’s Working Committee after preparation in the Doctoral Education Board.
Structure and content of doctoral education
Doctoral education consists of courses and research work, and can take various forms, as specified in the individual study plan.
The research project must be well-defined and the level of ambition must be set taking into account both the degree objectives of the programme and the net study time (maximum 48 months for a doctoral degree or maximum 24 months for a licentiate degree).
Requirements for doctoral degree *
The requirements for the doctoral degree consist of passed examinations in the courses included in the approved individual study plan of each doctoral student, as well as a passed public defence of the degree project. The course studies leading to the award of a doctoral degree comprises 240 higher education credits (four years of full-time studies), of which the doctoral thesis comprises a minimum of 120 higher education credits and the coursework part a minimum of 40 higher education credits.
Requirements for licentiate degree *
A doctoral student who has acquired at least 120 higher education credits (two years of full-time studies) is eligible for a licentiate degree. The requirements consist of passing the examinations included in the program stage and receiving a passing grade on an academic paper of at least 60 higher education credits. Coursework totalling a minimum of 20 higher education credits must be included.
The head of department is responsible for ensuring that sufficient time is allotted for the department’s doctoral students to receive the necessary supervision. A doctoral student has the right to request a change of supervisor (Chapter 6, § 28 of the Higher Education Ordinance).
Individual study plan
The principal supervisor, in consultation with the professor responsible for doctoral studies (FUAP), is responsible for drawing up an initial individual study plan prior to admission. The head of department approves the study plan in connection with admission. The individual study plan shall contain a timetable for the doctoral studies, specification of how supervision is organised, and a description of the undertakings of the doctoral student and the department during the period of studies. The individual study plan also specifies the courses included in the doctoral student’s education.
The individual study plan must be revised at least annually in collaboration between the doctoral student and their supervisor. The revision involves following up on the doctoral student’s progress in relation to the degree objectives and previous plan, as well as planning for further studies. The FUAP approves the revised study plan.
Follow up *
A course in research ethics, with a minimum of 2 credits and content equivalent to the courses provided by the Faculty, shall be included for the licentiate and doctoral degrees. An introductory course to doctoral studies and a course in scientific writing are also recommended.
Doctoral students who teach should undergo teacher training for higher education. This is specified in the individual study plan, and can either be a credit-bearing course element or take place within the framework of the doctoral student’s departmental service.
Teacher training for higher education, lasting 5 weeks, is equivalent to 7.5 credits at the Faculty, and may be included in the doctoral programme.
Basic Swedish language training for doctoral students who do not have Swedish as their first language may be a credit-bearing course element or take place within the framework of the doctoral student’s departmental service.
Subject-specific courses *
The doctoral studies may include different kinds of courses, such as lectures, literature studies, practical training, field studies, etc. The courses are intended to provide a wider insight into the subject as a complement to the specialist competence acquired during research. The courses included in the individual study plan may be selected among courses and summer schools both inside and outside of Sweden.
The following courses should normally be included in the studies (suggested year and credits):
- Literature studies related to the doctoral project should be conducted and summarized in a mini-review that should be submitted to a scientific journal (year 1; 5-10 higher education credits).
- A current course book should be selected and read that widens the competence of the doctoral student. This selection should be agreed between the doctoral student, the supervisor and the professor responsible for the third level studies. The new competences should be demonstrated through an oral examination (year 2; 5-10 higher education credits).
- A research proposal should be written (year 3; 5-10 higher education credits).
- At least one advanced course within theoretical, biophysical, biochemical, synthetic or microbiological methods that enhances or broadens the skills of the doctoral student (year 1-3; 5-15 higher education credits).
- At least two own presentations (halftime and final; together 2 higher education credits).
The courses above should total at least 30 higher education credits for a doctoral degree, or at least 15 higher education credits for a licentiate degree.
Higher education credits obtained during studies at basic (Bachelor’s) or advanced (Master’s) levels can be credited.
For doctoral courses, the teacher responsible for the course normally serves as the examiner. The head of department appoints an examiner for a doctoral course. The task of the examiner is only to determine grades on examinations. The principal supervisor, in consultation with the FUAP and other supervisors, decides which courses and to what extent (number of credits) the doctoral student is allowed to be credited for in their doctoral studies, and this is documented in the individual study plan.
It is up to the principal supervisor, in consultation with the FUAP and other supervisors, to decide which examinations (courses or other elements carried out during the study period of the doctoral education) the doctoral student will be allowed to count towards their doctoral studies and to what extent (number of credits). This shall be documented in the individual study plan. The task of the examiner is only to determine grades on examinations.
An assessment must be made as to whether credits can be awarded for prior studies or professional or vocational experience (that have been completed prior to admission to doctoral education) (Chapter 6, § 8 of the Higher Education Ordinance). At the Faculty, the FUAP is responsible for the assessment.
Thesis, doctoral defence and licentiate seminar
The research work shall result in a scientific thesis that must be defended at a public doctoral defence. The research task may be carried out individually or in collaboration with others within or outside the department. However, the doctoral student must be trained to conduct independent research.
The doctoral thesis can be designed either as a monograph, i.e. a unified, coherent scientific work, or as a compilation thesis, i.e. a compilation of scientific papers with a summary of these. The thesis work must be equivalent to at least 120 credits (Chapter 6, §§ 4–5 of the Higher Education Ordinance, and Appendix 2, System of Qualifications). Theses within the Faculty shall include a popular science summary that is in Swedish and at least two pages long.
The doctoral thesis must either meet the requirements for publication in an international scientific journal with independent quality review, or be a summary of scientific papers with equivalent quality requirements. If the doctoral student has co-authored a paper with another person, this may be taken into account only to the extent that the individual effort can be distinguished. This should be done through a description of the doctoral student’s contribution in the papers on which a compilation thesis is based. If parts of the work have previously been published by the doctoral student in a licentiate thesis, this shall be made clear.
The licentiate thesis is smaller in scope, but is subject to the same quality requirements for constituent papers as apply for the doctoral thesis.
In consultation with the FUAP and other supervisors, the principal supervisor shall assess when the thesis work has progressed to the point that a date for doctoral defence or licentiate seminar can be set.
The forms of defence and the grading of doctoral theses are regulated in the Higher Education Ordinance, the Faculty’s Guidelines for doctoral education (TEKNAT 2021/301) and Admission and grading regulations for doctoral studies at Uppsala University (UFV 2022/729).
The doctoral thesis shall be defended orally in a public doctoral defence. An examining committee appointed by the Faculty decides on the grade for the doctoral thesis.
The Faculty’s guidelines for doctoral education (TEKNAT 2021/301) summarise the rules for the licentiate seminar.
The grade for a licentiate thesis shall be determined by the FUAP, or another professor delegated this duty, in consultation with the principal supervisor and the external reviewer. The principal or assistant supervisor for the doctoral student may not serve as examiner.
The following degree titles have been established for Chemistry with specialisation in Molecular Biomimetics:
Filosofie licentiat- och doktorsexamen
The English translation is Degree of Doctor/Licentiate of Philosophy.
Both the subject and the specialisation are listed on the degree certificate. The degree title (Teknologie/Filosofie licentiat- och doktorsexamen [Degree of Doctor/Licentiate of Philosophy]) shall be determined by the content of the doctoral education, and not by the doctoral student’s degree from a qualifying programme. If a doctoral student wishes to change their degree title to one that differs from that established for the doctoral subject dispensation is required from the Faculty Board (Working Committee). The request for a change of degree title must be made no later than the time of opponent and examining committee appointment or submission of the thesis for printing, whichever occurs first.
Doctoral and licentiate degree certificates are issued upon application in Ladok.
Regulatory framework and responsibilities for doctoral education
Doctoral education is regulated in the Higher Education Act (1992:1434) and the Higher Education Ordinance (1993:100). These are supplemented by the following local regulations: Guidelines for doctoral studies at Uppsala University (UFV 2022/728), Admission and grading regulations for doctoral studies and study programmes at Uppsala University (UFV 2022/729) and Guidelines for doctoral (third cycle) education at the Faculty of Science and Technology (TEKNAT 2021/301).
Responsibility for doctoral education ultimately rests with the University Board and the Vice-Chancellor (Chapter 2, §§ 2–3 of the Higher Education Ordinance). Through delegation, the Disciplinary Domain Board or Faculty Board has overarching responsibility and supervisory responsibility, but the day-to-day responsibility is exercised by the department in which the doctoral student is registered. Key functions in doctoral education are the head of department, professor responsible for doctoral studies (FUAP), director of doctoral studies, and the supervisor. See the Faculty’s Rules of Procedure (TEKNAT 2019/177) for a description of roles and responsibilities.
The doctoral education shall not only prepare the doctoral student for a research carrier, but also allow obtaining pedagogical competences. Doctoral students are thus expected to contribute to departmental activities related to education and administration.
The interaction with society and companies (‘samverkan’) plays an increasingly important role and is an integral part of the doctoral education. Doctoral students are thus expected to actively participate in at least one outreach event during their doctoral education.
Additional information can be obtained by the program responsible professor and the professor responsible for the doctoral studies in Chemistry with Specialisation in Molecular Biomimetics.
More information about our research can be found at the department homepage: www.kemi.uu.se.